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  • 2008 Summer: Volume 6, Issue 1
  • Biases and Fundamental Imesting Knowledge: An Assessment of College Students

    • Brian Porter

    Title:

    Biases and Fundamental Imesting Knowledge: An Assessment of College Students

    Author(s):

    Brian Porter

    Publication Date:

    2008

    Journal Title:

    The Journal of Finance Issues

    Volume Number:

    6

    Issue Number:

    1

    Abstract:

    Individuals are being forced to take a greater role in personal retirement planning. Until the mid I 970s, the predominant retirement plan was defined benefit , rather than defined contribution. Since the 1970s, there has been a move towards defined contribution retirement plans and, in the mid 1990s, defined contribution retirement plans outnumbered defined benefit retirement plans. From 1975 to 1998. there was an increase of 42 million Americans enrolled in non-Social Security retirement programs, from 44 million to 86 million. In 1975, the predominant plan was defined benefit with 32 million Americans participating in 103,000 different defined benefit plans. In contrast, 10 million Americans were participating in 208,000 different defined contribution plans. By 1998, the dominant plan had switched. Forty-six million Americans were in defined contribution plans and 40 million were in defined benefit plans (Migration News). Among Fortune 100 companies the shift is just as dramatic. In 2007, only 28% of Fortune 100 companies offered a defined benefit retirement plan to new employees. compared with 89% in 1985 (Geisel, 2008).

    First Page:

    125

    Last Page:

    136

    Total Pages:

    11