Use this link to view the PDF file: Impact of EVA Adoption on Long-Term Shareholder Value: An Empirical Investigation
Impact of EVA Adoption on Long-Term Shareholder Value: An Empirical Investigation
WaQar I. Ghani
Samuel H. Szewczyk
The Journal of Finance Issues
Our study examines Economic Value Added metric’s link to long term shareholder value creation. We assume that EVA adoption directs a positive change in managerial behavior that in turn affects long-term value generation. Unlike most prior research that uses only one sample, we employ two samples. The first sample is based on 57 U.S. firms that Stern Stewart & Company has posted on its website. They report that these firms have achieved superior financial performance as a consequence of the adoption of EVA for the 1994-98 periods. The second sample is based on 178 U.S. firms’ proxy statements for the 1994-1999 periods in which these firms have described EVA use as a part of their performance evaluation and compensation metric. Our study’s results, using both long-term abnormal holding period returns and analyst forecast based on five-year growth of earnings per share show that EVA adoption has no significant impact on a firm’s long-run performance when compared to a control sample matched on industry, size and past performance. Moreover, we find no evidence that EVA adoption induces greater shortsightedness as EVA adopters do not underperform, on average, the non- EVA firms.